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About This Manual

Guidelines for Using This Manual

The intent of this manual is to provide an introduction to UNIX and the different components of the EECS Instructional Systems. Although the information contained within these covers will get you started, it should not be considered complete or adequate to answer all of the questions that you will encounter regarding UNIX. Most local bookstores carry a wide variety of UNIX books. Please see Appendix C for a list of suggested books.

Please note that this manual will still be revised over time to reflect changes in the system as it is further developed.  

Conventions Used in This Manual

To make this manual easier to read and understand, a number of conventions have been adopted in presenting the information. A summary of these is presented in the following sections.

Prompts and Examples

Prompts that are supplied by the workstation are shown in a typewriter font. For example, you'll see % throughout the manual, as this is a standard prompt used within the C shell. The typewriter font is also used to display examples of login sessions, e.g., showing the results of issuing various commands.

Commands and Options

The names of commands and options are shown in boldface type. User-specified input, such as filenames, is represented by italics. For example, the syntax for the more command is:

more filename
where filename indicates that the user should substitute a specific filename.

Keys and Key Sequences

Often you will be required to press a certain key or combination of keys other than alphabetic, numeric, or special characters. For example, pressing the ``return'' key will be shown as Return and pressing the space bar will be shown as SPACE. In some instances, you must press and hold down two keys at the same time. For example, pressing the key marked Ctrl along with d is used throughout UNIX to terminate a particular function or process. That key sequence will be shown as d.

There are two keys that will be referred to frequently which are not marked on the keyboard in the same way that the documentation refers to them. They are the ``Meta'' key and the ``ESC'' (or Escape) key. The Meta key is labeled ``Compose Character'' or ``ALT'' on most keyboards. The ESC key is F11 on the DEC workstations and vt series terminals, and is located in the row of keys across the top of the keyboard.

Reporting Errors in the Manual

Although we strive to review and edit all documentation carefully, sometimes mistakes slip through. As well, system changes may occur which are not yet reflected in the documentation. If you find what you believe is an error--either a typographical error or an error in content--please notify the EECS Instructional Support Group, 384/386 Cory Hall or 333 Soda Hall, (inst@eecs.berkeley.edu). Your input will be greatly appreciated.

Most applications will only accept the key labeled ``Return''; the key labeled ``Enter'' on the numeric keypad may not be substituted.